Bitmask Riseup VPN 0.21.6 contains a local privilege escalation flaw due to improper access controls. When the software is installed with a non-default installation directory off of the system root, the installer fails to properly set ACLs. This allows lower privileged users to replace the VPN executable with a malicious one. When a higher privileged user such as an Administrator launches that executable, it is possible for the lower privileged user to escalate to Administrator privileges.
All known versions of the Netgear Genie Installer for macOS contain a local privilege escalation vulnerability. The installer of the macOS version of Netgear Genie handles certain files in an insecure way. A malicious actor who has local access to the endpoint on which the software is going to be installed may overwrite certain files to obtain privilege escalation to root.
Netgear RAX43 version 220.127.116.11 makes use of hardcoded credentials. It does not appear that normal users are intended to be able to manipulate configuration backups due to the fact that they are encrypted. This encryption is accomplished via a password-protected zip file with a hardcoded password (RAX50w!a4udk). By unzipping the configuration using this password, a user can reconfigure settings not intended to be manipulated, re-zip the configuration, and restore a backup causing these settings to be changed.
Netgear RAX43 version 18.104.22.168 stores sensitive information in plaintext. All usernames and passwords for the device’s associated services are stored in plaintext on the device. For example, the admin password is stored in plaintext in the primary configuration file on the device.
Trendnet AC2600 TEW-827DRU version 2.08B01 improperly discloses credentials for the smb functionality of the device. Usernames and passwords for all smb users are revealed in plaintext on the smbserver.asp page.
Netgear Nighthawk R6700 version 22.214.171.124 does not have sufficient protections for the UART console. A malicious actor with physical access to the device is able to connect to the UART port via a serial connection and execute commands as the root user without authentication.
Netgear RAX43 version 126.96.36.199 contains a command injection vulnerability. The readycloud cgi application is vulnerable to command injection in the name parameter.
Trendnet AC2600 TEW-827DRU version 2.08B01 is vulnerable to command injection. The system log functionality of the firmware allows for command injection as root by supplying a malformed parameter.
Trendnet AC2600 TEW-827DRU version 2.08B01 contains an improper access control configuration that could allow for a malicious firmware update. It is possible to manually install firmware that may be malicious in nature as there does not appear to be any signature validation done to determine if it is from a known and trusted source. This includes firmware updates that are done via the automated "check for updates" in the admin interface. If an attacker is able to masquerade as the update server, the device will not verify that the firmware updates downloaded are legitimate.
It is possible for an unauthenticated, malicious user to force the device to reboot due to a hidden administrative command.